When a person’s teeth or jaw structure do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to straighten teeth and promote ideal function. These problems, often referred to as malocclusions (or bad bites) can cause speech difficulty, premature wear of the teeth and protective enamel and even increase the chance of injury to the teeth and jaw, if left untreated.


A disharmony between tooth-size and jaw-size can result in crowded, irregular teeth.

Learn more about Crowding


Spaces can result from a disharmony between tooth-size and jaw-size or by abnormal tongue thrusting activity.

Learn more about Spacing


The upper teeth should fit outside the lower teeth like a lid on a box. If the upper jaw is too narrow, the lower jaw usually swings to one side to allow the back teeth to mesh.

Learn more about Cross-bite

Protruded Teeth

Protruded teeth result when the position of the upper jaw is forward of the lower jaw.

Learn more about Protruded Teeth


When the lower jaw is forward in relation to the upper jaw, the lower front teeth protrude beyond the upper teeth and an "under-bite" results.

Learn more about Under-bite


The upper and / or lower front teeth can overupt to produce a deep-bite.

Learn more about Deep-bite


An open-bite exists when opposing teeth don't meet.

Learn more about Open-bite

Thumb Sucking

Sucking the thumb (or fingers) can produce a localised deformation of the teeth and supporting bone.

Learn more about Thumb Sucking

Teeth Problems

A number of teeth problems can adversely affect people of all ages, including: Missing, Impacted and Ectopic Teeth.

Learn more about Teeth Problems